AL MA’ARIEF: Jurnal Pendidikan Sosial dan Budaya (ISSN Print: 2685-5917; ISSN Online: 2685-5925 DOI:  is a peer reviewed and open access journal on social studies and social science either in the form of conceptual ideas or research results from various perspectives. It is published twice a year, in June and December by Program Studi Tadris IPS, Fakultas Tarbiyah, Institut Agama Islam Negeri Parepare in collaboration with Perkumpulan Program Studi Pendidikan IPS Indonesia (APRIPSI). The editors welcome scholars, researchers, lecturers to participate in writing articles in this journal. The articles must be original and have never been published.